Symbolic Versus Associative Learning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ramscar and colleagues (2010, this volume) describe the "feature-label-order" (FLO) effect on category learning and characterize it as a constraint on symbolic learning. I argue that FLO is neither a constraint on symbolic learning in the sense of "learning elements of a symbol system" (instead, it is an effect on nonsymbolic, association learning) nor is it, more than any other constraint on category learning, a constraint on symbolic learning in the sense of "solving the symbol grounding problem".

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)958-965
Number of pages8
JournalCognitive Science
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2010


  • Relational learning
  • Relational representations
  • Symbol grounding
  • Symbol systems
  • Symbolic learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Artificial Intelligence


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