Sustained exercise programs for hemodialysis patients: The characteristics of successful approaches in Portugal, Canada, Mexico, and Germany

João L. Viana, Pedro Martins, Kristen Parker, Magdalena Madero, Héctor Pérez Grovas, Kirsten Anding, Stefan Degenhardt, Iwona Gabrys, Shauna Raugust, Christina West, Theresa E. Cowan, Kenneth R. Wilund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite having good intentions, hemodialysis (HD) clinics often fail to sustain exercise programs that they initiate. There are many reasons for this, including a lack of funding, inadequate training of the clinic staff, a lack of exercise professionals to manage the program or train the staff, and the many challenges inherent to exercising a patient population with multiple comorbid diseases. Despite these barriers, there are several outstanding examples of successful exercise programs in HD clinics throughout the world. The aim of this manuscript is to review the characteristics of four successfully sustained HD exercise programs in Portugal, Canada, Mexico, and Germany. We describe the unique approaches they have used to fund and manage their programs, the varied exercise prescriptions they incorporate, the unique challenges they face, and discuss the benefits they have seen. While the programs differ in many regards, a consistent theme is that they each have substantial and committed support from the entire clinic staff, including the nephrologists, administration, nurses, dietitians, and technicians. This suggests that exercise programs in HD clinics can be successfully implemented and sustained provided significant effort is made to foster a culture of physical activity throughout the clinic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)320-330
Number of pages11
JournalSeminars in Dialysis
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

Keywords

  • end-stage kidney disease
  • exercise
  • hemodialysis
  • physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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