Survival of Xanthomonas cucurbitae in Different Crop Rotations, Plant Debris, and Weeds in Pumpkin Fields

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This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of crop rotation in managing Xanthomonas cucurbitae, the causal agent of Xanthomonas leaf spot, in pumpkin fields. The study was conducted using ‘Howden' pumpkin, a susceptible pumpkin cultivar, at four sites with no history of cucurbit production. All sites were planted with pumpkins in the first year of crop rotations. The disease developed at all four sites. In a 3-year rotation with nonhost crops, the severity of Xanthomonas leaf spot in pumpkin plots was significantly (P < 0.05) lower than those of plots in the 2-year rotation with nonhost crops and continuous pumpkin production. Furthermore, X. cucurbitae was recovered from pumpkin plant debris 15 months after harvesting pumpkins in commercial fields, and the pathogen was viable. X. cucurbitae was also isolated from asymptomatic weeds in pumpkin fields. In a greenhouse inoculation of weeds with X. cucurbitae, however, Xanthomonas leaf spot developed only on leaves of burcucumber (Sicyos angulatus) and velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) weeds. In the infested soil with X. cucurbitae, the bacterium was not recovered after 15, 42, and 56 days at 22,12, and 4OC, respectively. The results showed that crop rotation alone does not provide adequate protection of pumpkin plants against X. cucurbitae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-535
Number of pages7
JournalPlant Health Progress
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2021


  • Xanthomonas cucurbitae
  • Xanthomonas leaf spot
  • crop rotation
  • pathogen survival
  • pumpkin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture


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