Survey of vaccine distribution and delivery issues in the USA: From pediatrics to pandemics

Sheldon H. Jacobson, Edward C. Sewell, Janet A. Jokela

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Vaccine distribution and delivery has become an issue of significant interest, given the threat of a pandemic influenza outbreak and the resulting need for coordinated efforts to distribute and deliver pandemic influenza vaccines into the hands of healthcare workers responsible for administering them. This review provides an overview of the issues that are most relevant to vaccine distribution and delivery, including routine pediatric immunization, combination vaccines, vaccine shortages and stockpiling, seasonal influenza vaccines and, of most current interest, a discussion on pandemic influenza outbreak issues and a list of future distribution and delivery challenges that may be faced during such an event.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)981-990
Number of pages10
JournalExpert review of vaccines
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2007


  • Pandemic response
  • Routine immunization
  • Vaccine delivery
  • Vaccine distribution
  • Vaccine economics
  • Vaccine supply chain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery


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