Our brains are amazingly complex, and fields like neuroscience are continuously revealing new insights into our thinking, with considerable implications for education. For example, researchers have demonstrated the significant role of System 1, or rapid and automatic processing, in the ways we behave and make decisions. However, engineering education remains largely focused on framing teaching, learning, and research on System 2, or rational and conscious forms of processing. Through this special session, we aim to generate awareness of and discussion about System 1 within the FIE community. Participants in this special session will generate a working definition for System 1, learn about current research related to System 1, and hear from a variety of scholars who are actively working to integrate System 1 into their teaching and research in the context of engineering education. The outcomes of this session are to continue to build momentum for including System 1 in our approaches to and assumptions about engineering education.