Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy and fluorescence based on black silver

Zhida Xu, Jing Jiang, Yi Chen, Manas R. Gartia, Gang Logan Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


We demonstrate surface plasmon-induced enhancements in optical imaging and spectroscopy on silver coated silicon nanocones which we call black silver substrate. The black silver substrate with dense and homogeneous nanocone forest structure is fabricated on wafer level with a mass producible nanomanufacturing method. The black silver substrate is able to efficiently trap and convert incident photons into localized plasmons in a broad wavelength range, which permits the enhancement in optical absorption from UV to NIR range by 12 times, the visible fluorescence enhancement of ∼30 times and the NIR Raman scattering enhancement factor up to ∼108. We show a considerable potential of the black silver substrate in high sensitivity and broadband optical sensing and imaging of chemical and biological molecules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiosensing and Nanomedicine IV
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
EventBiosensing and Nanomedicine IV - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 21 2011Aug 23 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherBiosensing and Nanomedicine IV
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA


  • Black silicon
  • Black silver
  • Fluorescence enhancement
  • SERS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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