Surface diffusion of in on Ge(111) studied by optical second harmonic microscopy

I. I. Suni, E. G. Seebauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Surface diffusion of In on Ge(111) has been measured by optical second harmonic microscopy. This technique employs surface second harmonic generation to directly image submonolayer surface concentration profiles. The coverage dependence of the diffusivity D can then be obtained from a Boltzmann-Matano analysis. In the coverage range 0.1<θ<0.48, the activation energy Ediff decreased with increasing coverage, ranging from 31 kcal/mol at θ=0.1 to 23 kcal/mol at θ=0.48. Over the same coverage range, the pre-exponential factor D0 decreased from 5×102 to 1×10-1 cm2/s. This gradual change reflects a change in diffusion mechanism arising from the disordered nature of the Ge(111) surface. At low coverages, In adatoms sink into the top layer of Ge, and diffusion is dominated by thermal formation of adatom-vacancy pairs. At high coverages, diffusion occurs by normal site-to-site hopping. The gradual change in diffusion parameters with coverage was interrupted by an apparent phase transition at θ=0.16. At this point, both Ediff and D 0 peaked sharply at 41 kcal/mol and 6×105 cm 2/s, respectively. The desorption energy Edes was measured by temperature programmed desorption. Edes decreased from 60 kcal/mol at submonolayer coverages to 55 kcal/mol at multilayer coverages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6772-6777
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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