Surface-Based Control of Oxygen Interstitial Injection into ZnO via Submonolayer Sulfur Adsorption

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Semiconductor surfaces offer efficient pathways for injecting native point defects into the underlying bulk. Adsorption of a suitably chosen foreign element serves to modulate the injection rate, even at small percentages of a monolayer. Through self-diffusion experiments using isotopic exchange with labeled oxygen, the present work demonstrates such behavior in the case of sulfur adsorption on c-axis Zn-terminated ZnO(0001), wherein the clean surface injects with exceptional efficiency. The experiments provide strong evidence that the injection sites comprise only a small fraction of the total surface atom density and that sulfur adsorption merely blocks those sites. Comparison with related systems shows this simple mechanism is surprisingly uncommon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23675-23682
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number41
StatePublished - Oct 20 2016


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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