Supporting all learners in school-wide computational thinking: A cross-case qualitative analysis

Maya Israel, Jamie N. Pearson, Tanya Tapia, Quentin M. Wherfel, George Reese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this study was to investigate how elementary school teachers with limited computer science experience in a high-need school integrated computational thinking into their instruction. The researchers conducted a cross-case analysis across different instructional contexts (e.g., general education classrooms, library, art) that included multiple observations and interviews over four months. Major themes included: (a) a wide range of implementation models emerged depending on teaching contexts, (b) ongoing professional development and embedded coaching resulted in increasing participation in computing education, (c) teachers and administrators viewed barriers to implementing computing from a problem solving framework, and (d) struggling learners, including students with disabilities and those living in poverty, benefitted from computing education that included scaffolding, modeling, and peer collaboration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-279
Number of pages17
JournalComputers and Education
StatePublished - Mar 2015


  • Computational thinking
  • Computing
  • Content integration
  • Diverse learners
  • Struggling learners

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Education


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