Supplemental security income, labor supply, and migration

David Neumark, Elizabeth T Powers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program in the USA creates incentives for potential aged recipients to reduce labor supply prior to becoming eligible, and past research finds evidence of such behavior for older men. There may be a migration response to across-state variation in SSI benefits, which is of interest in its own right and can bias estimates of the effects of SSI benefits on labor supply. We fail to find evidence that older individuals migrate in response to SSI benefits, or that the labor supply disincentive effects of SSI are spurious and instead reflect migration behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-479
Number of pages33
JournalJournal of Population Economics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2006


  • Labor supply
  • Migration
  • Supplemental Security Income

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Economics and Econometrics


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