Supplemental Herbal Choline Increases 5-hmC DNA on Whole Blood from Pregnant Ewes and Offspring

José Alejandro Roque-Jiménez, German David Mendoza-Martínez, Anayeli Vázquez-Valladolid, María de la Luz Guerrero-González, Rogelio Flores-Ramírez, Juan Manuel Pinos-Rodriguez, Juan J. Loor, Alejandro Enrique Relling, Héctor Aarón Lee-Rangel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Herbal formulas during pregnancy have been used in developing countries. Despite that, the potential effects on the mother and offspring and whether those supplements elicit epigenetic modifications is still unknown. Therefore, our objectives were to determine the effects of supplemental herbal choline source (BCho) on the percentage of 5-hmC in whole blood from gestating ewes and their offspring, as well as determining the milk quality and growth of the offspring. Thirty-five gestating Rambouillet ewes were randomly assigned to five treatments: T1, supplementation of 4 g per day (gd−1) of BCho during the first third of gestation; T2, supplementation of 4 gd−1 of BCho during the second third of gestation; T3, supplementation of 4 gd−1 of BCho during the last third of gestation; T4, supplementation of 4 gd−1 of BCho throughout gestation; and T5, no BCho supplementation (control). For the 5-hmC DNA analysis, whole blood from ewes was sampled before pregnancy and at each third of gestation (50 days). Whole blood from lambs was sampled five weeks after birth. The evaluation of the nutritional programming effects was conducted through the percentages of 5-hmC in the lambs. Compared with other treatments, the whole blood from ewes supplemented during T1 and T4 had the greatest 5-hmC percentages (p < 0.05). However, only ewes fed BCho throughout gestation (T4) maintained the greatest percentages of 5-hmC (p < 0.05). The lamb growth performance indicated that the BCho maternal supplementation did not affect the nutritional programming. However, the lambs born from ewes supplemented during T2 had the greatest 5-hmC percentages (p < 0.05). Our data suggest that ewes supplemented during T4 with BCho increase and maintain the percentages of 5-hmC in whole blood, and the offspring born from ewes supplemented with BCho during T2 maintained the greatest percentages of 5-hmC 35 d after they were born.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1277
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalAnimals
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Early feeding
  • Epigenetic changes
  • Sheep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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    Roque-Jiménez, J. A., Mendoza-Martínez, G. D., Vázquez-Valladolid, A., Guerrero-González, M. D. L. L., Flores-Ramírez, R., Pinos-Rodriguez, J. M., Loor, J. J., Relling, A. E., & Lee-Rangel, H. A. (2020). Supplemental Herbal Choline Increases 5-hmC DNA on Whole Blood from Pregnant Ewes and Offspring. Animals, 10(8), 1-12. [1277]. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10081277