Supernova remnants in the magellanic clouds. VI. The DEM L316 supernova remnants

R. M. Williams, Y. H. Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The DEM L316 system contains two shells, both with the characteristic signatures of supernova remnants (SNRs). We analyze Chandra and XMM-Newton data for DEM L316, investigating its spatial and spectral X-ray features. Our Chandra observations resolve the structure of the northeastern SNR (shell A) as a bright inner ring and a set of "arcs" surrounded by fainter diffuse emission. The spectrum is well fit by a thermal plasma model with a temperature of ∼1.4 keV; we do not find significant spectral differences for different regions of this SNR. The southwestern SNR (shell B) exhibits an irregular X-ray outline, with a brighter interior ring of emission including a bright knot of emission. Overall, the emission of the SNR is well described by a thermal plasma of temperature ∼0.6 keV. The bright knot, however, is spectrally distinct from the rest of the SNR, requiring the addition of a high-energy spectral component consistent with a power-law spectrum of photon index 1.6-1.8. We confirm the findings of Nishiuchi and coworkers that the spectra of these shells are notably different, with shell A requiring a high iron abundance for a good spectral fit, implying a Type la origin. We further explicitly compare abundance ratios to model predictions for Type la and Type II supernovae. The low ratios for shell A (O/Fe of 1.5 and Ne/Fe of 0.2) and the high ratios for shell B (O/Fe of 30-130 and Ne/Fe of 8-16) are consistent with Type la and Type II origins, respectively. The difference between the SNR progenitor types casts some doubt on the suggestion that these SNRs are interacting with one another.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1077-1086
Number of pages10
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 I
StatePublished - Dec 20 2005


  • ISM: individual (DEM L316)
  • Supernova remnants
  • X-rays: ISM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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