Superior energy-saving splitter in monoethanolamine-based biphasic solvents for CO2 capture from coal-fired flue gas

Rujie Wang, Shanshan Liu, Lidong Wang, Qiangwei Li, Shihan Zhang, Bo Chen, Lei Jiang, Yifeng Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A monoethanolamine/1-propanol aqueous biphasic absorbent with rapid absorption rate and low regeneration energy was proposed to enhance the CO2 capture technology. 1-propanol was used as a physical solvent and phase splitter, which increased the mass transfer coefficient from 1.83 to 2.36 × 10−10 mol cm−2 s−1 Pa−1 and triggered the liquid–liquid phase separation due to the salting-out effect. CO2 capture process was modeled using an Aspen plus simulator by incorporating a decanter according to experimental results of phase separation. Energy consumption was analyzed considering the solvent circulation rate, lean loading, operating pressure, and biphasic solvent concentration. Because only the CO2-rich phase was required to be regenerated, a decreased stripping volume and high mCO2/mH2O were achieved. Sensible and vaporization heats substantially decreased by 80% and 75%, respectively, and the total regeneration energy decreased by 39.85%. Moreover, the cyclic capacity was increased from 1.01 to 2.51 mol/kg, which substantially reduced the equipment footprint. This study provides new insights into biphasic solvents with considerable energy saving for CO2 capture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)302-310
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Energy
Volume242
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2019

Keywords

  • Aspen plus
  • Biphasic solvent
  • CO capture
  • Regeneration energy
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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