Superconductivity at 40 K in the oxygen-defect perovskites la 2-xSrxCuO4-y

J. M. Tarascon, L. H. Greene, W. R. Mckinnon, G. W. Hull, T. H. Geballe

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Structural, magnetic, and electronic properties of compounds in the series La//2// minus //xSr//xCuO//4// minus //y for 0. 05 less than equivalent to x less than equivalent to 1. 1, with DELTA x equals 0. 025, were studied. Resistance, susceptibility, Meissner, and shielding measurements have revealed superconductivity among several members of the series. For x equals 0. 15, the transition temperature T//C, measured at the midpoint of the resistive transition is a maximum at 39. 3 K with a width of 2 K. At other compositions the transition is broader and occurs at a lower temperature. Annealing the x equals 0. 15 sample in oxygen at 500 degree C increases T//C to 40. 3 K, while annealing at the same temperature under vacuum suppresses the superconductivity. These changes in oxygen content and T//C are reversible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1373-1376
Number of pages4
Issue number4794
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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