Superconducting pairing of topological surface states in bismuth selenide films on niobium

David Flötotto, Yuichi Ota, Yang Bai, Can Zhang, Kozo Okazaki, Akihiro Tsuzuki, Takahiro Hashimoto, James N. Eckstein, Shik Shin, Tai Chang Chiang

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A topological insulator film coupled to a simple isotropic s-wave superconductor substrate can foster helical pairing of the Dirac fermions associated with the topological surface states. Experimental realization of such a system is exceedingly difficult, however using a novel “flip-chip” technique, we have prepared single-crystalline Bi2Se3 films with predetermined thicknesses in terms of quintuple layers (QLs) on top of Nb substrates fresh from in situ cleavage. Our angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) measurements of the film surface disclose superconducting gaps and coherence peaks of similar magnitude for both the topological surface states and bulk states. The ARPES spectral map as a function of temperature and film thickness up to 10 QLs reveals key characteristics relevant to the mechanism of coupling between the topological surface states and the superconducting Nb substrate; the effective coupling length is found to be much larger than the decay length of the topological surface states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereaar7214
JournalScience Advances
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 27 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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