[18F]Tosyl fluoride as a versatile [18F]fluoride source for the preparation of 18F-labeled radiopharmaceuticals

Dong Zhou, Wenhua Chu, Jinbin Xu, Sally Schwarz, John A. Katzenellenbogen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Positron emission tomography (PET) is an in vivo imaging technology that utilizes positron-emitting radioisotope-labeled compounds as PET radiotracers that are commonly used in clinic and in various research areas, including oncology, cardiology, and neurology. Fluorine-18 is the most widely used PET-radionuclide and commonly produced by proton bombardment of 18O-enriched water in a cyclotron. The [18F]fluoride thus obtained generally requires processing by azeotropic drying in order to completely remove H2O before it can be used for nucleophilic radiofluorination. In general, the drying step is important in facilitating the radiofluorination reactions and the preparation of 18F-labeled PET radiotracers. In this communication, we have demonstrated the feasibility of using [18F]tosyl fluoride ([18F]TsF) as a versatile [18F]fluoride source for radiofluorination to bypass the azeotropic drying step, and we have developed a continuous flow solid-phase radiosynthesis strategy to generate [18F]TsF in a form that is excellent for radiofluorination. [18F]TsF shows high reactivity in radiofluorination and provides the features suitable for preparing PET radiotracers on a small scale and exploring novel radiolabeling technologies. Thus, using [18F]TsF as a [18F]fluoride source is a promising strategy that facilitates radiofluorination and provides a convenient and efficient solution for the preparation of 18F-labeled radiopharmaceuticals that is well matched to the emerging trends in PET imaging technologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3182
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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