Substrate independent assembly of optical structures guided by biomolecular interactions

Till Böcking, Kristopher A. Kilian, Peter J. Reece, Katharina Gaus, Michael Gal, J. Justin Gooding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The chip-scale integration of optical components is crucial for technologies as diverse as optical communications, optoelectronics displays, and photovoltaics. However, the realization of integrated optical devices from discrete components is often hampered by the lack of a universal substrate for achieving monolithic integration and by incompatibilities between materials. Emergent technologies such as chip-scale biophotonics, organic optoelectronics, and optofluidics present a host of new challenges for optical device integration, which cannot be solved with existing bonding techniques. Here, we report a new method for substrate independent integration of dissimilar optical components by way of biological recognition-directed assembly. Bonding in this scheme is achieved by locally modifying the substrate with a protein receptor and the optical component with a biomolecular ligand or vice versa. The key features of this new technology include substrate independent assembly, cross-platform vertical scale integration, and selective registration of components based on complementary biomolecular interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3270-3275
Number of pages6
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 24 2010


  • biomolecular interactions
  • bonding
  • optical devices
  • photonic crystals
  • porous silicon
  • self-assembly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)


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