Abstract

Illumination is known to induce stress and morphology changes in opaque glasses. Amorphous silicon carbide (a-SiC) has a smaller bandgap than the crystal. Thus, we were able to excite with 532 nm light a 1 μm amorphous surface layer on a SiC crystal while recording time-lapse movies of glass surface dynamics by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). Photoexcitation of the a-SiC surface layer through the transparent crystal avoids heating the STM tip. Up to 6 × 104 s, long movies of surface dynamics with 40 s time resolution and sub-nanometer spatial resolution were obtained. Clusters of ca. 3-5 glass forming units diameter are seen to cooperatively hop between two states at the surface. Photoexcitation with green laser light recruits immobile clusters to hop, rather than increasing the rate at which already mobile clusters hop. No significant laser heating was observed. Thus, we favor an athermal mechanism whereby electronic excitation of a-SiC directly controls glassy surface dynamics. This mechanism is supported by an exciton migration-relaxation-thermal diffusion model. Individual clusters take ∼1 h to populate states differently after the light intensity has changed. We believe the surrounding matrix rearranges slowly when it is stressed by a change in laser intensity, and clusters serve as a diagnostic. Such cluster hopping and matrix rearrangement could underlie the microscopic mechanism of photoinduced aging of opaque glasses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number234505
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume142
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 21 2015

Fingerprint

Lighting
illumination
Glass
glass
Amorphous silicon
silicon carbides
amorphous silicon
Photoexcitation
Scanning tunneling microscopy
photoexcitation
Crystals
scanning tunneling microscopy
surface layers
crystals
Methyl Green
Laser heating
Thermal diffusion
Lasers
laser heating
thermal diffusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Sub-nanometer glass surface dynamics induced by illumination. / Nguyen, Duc; Nienhaus, Lea; Haasch, Richard T.; Lyding, Joseph; Gruebele, Martin.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 142, No. 23, 234505, 21.06.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nguyen, Duc ; Nienhaus, Lea ; Haasch, Richard T. ; Lyding, Joseph ; Gruebele, Martin. / Sub-nanometer glass surface dynamics induced by illumination. In: Journal of Chemical Physics. 2015 ; Vol. 142, No. 23.
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