Study of spray-cooling control to maintain metallurgical length during speed drop in steel continuous casting

Zhelin Chen, Joseph Bentsman, Brian G. Lhomas, Akitoshi Matsui

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


For operations limited by the casting speed, or for steel grades more sensitive to centcrline rather than surface defects, the control of metallurgical length is very important. Operations designed to reduce ccntcrlinc defects, such as soft reduction, are affected greatly by transient changes in the metallurgical length. This work explores the potential of using open-loop spray- cooling control methods to minimize deviations in the metallurgical length from its desired location, during casting speed changcs under temperature setpoint constraints. This objective essentially reduces to motion planning, i.e. apriori generation of spray flow rate commands that when applied to the process make the latter exccutc the motion that carries out the above task in the shortest time possible. The results show that there is only a small potential to maintain metallurgical length during speed changes in a 221mm thick slab caster. By changing spray water flow rates between their greatest and smallest conditions, it is possible to accommodate casting speed variations from 1.7 to 1.5 m/min, while maintaining a constant metallurgical length of 22.29 m during steady casting. For a sudden speed drop, however, a dip in metallurgical length is unavoidable. Bang-bang control was the best method investigated to manage water sprays during the transition. This control method can lessen the dip JFEin metallurgical length from over 2m (with no control), to less than lm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAISTech 2017 - Proceedings of the Iron and Steel Technology Conference
PublisherAssociation for Iron and Steel Technology, AISTECH
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781935117643
StatePublished - 2017
EventAISTech 2017 Iron and Steel Technology Conference - Nashville, United States
Duration: May 8 2017May 11 2017

Publication series

NameAISTech - Iron and Steel Technology Conference Proceedings
ISSN (Print)1551-6997


OtherAISTech 2017 Iron and Steel Technology Conference
CountryUnited States


  • Continuous casting
  • Metallurgical length
  • Segregation
  • Solidification
  • Spray-cooling control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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