Study of Software-Related Causes in the FDA Medical Device Recalls

Zhicheng Fu, Chunhui Guo, Shangping Ren, Yu Jiang, Lui Sha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

As technology advances, medical devices are playing increasingly more important roles in patient care. Unfortunately, based on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) data, medical device recalls are at an all time high. One of the major causes of the recalls is due to defective software. In fact, one in every three medical devices that use software for operation has been recalled because of failures in the software itself. Unlike traditional software, software-based medical devices have specific domain fault modes, and these fault modes have been not addressed in software design literature, such as dosage calculation fault. In this paper, we first present a process that collects software-related medical device recalls from the FDA database. Collecting all software-related medical device recalls is an effort that needs the support and contributions from a large research, industrial, and medical community, To facility such effort, we have developed a web-based platform for different users to contribute and share new software-related medical device recalls into the collection. Second, we analyze one hundred software-related recalls that we have collected from the FDA database. Our analysis reveals that there are four major categories of software failures in medical device recalls and implicit assumptions made by medical device manufacturers are among one of the leading causes in medical device recalls. Last, we present an approach for implicit assumption management in medical cyber-physical system designs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2017 22nd International Conference on Engineering of Complex Computer Systems, ICECCS 2017
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages60-69
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781538624319
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 14 2018
Event22nd International Conference on Engineering of Complex Computer Systems, ICECCS 2017 - Fukuoka, Japan
Duration: Nov 6 2017Nov 8 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Engineering of Complex Computer Systems, ICECCS
Volume2017-November

Other

Other22nd International Conference on Engineering of Complex Computer Systems, ICECCS 2017
CountryJapan
CityFukuoka
Period11/6/1711/8/17

Keywords

  • Implicit assumptions
  • Medical cyberphysical systems
  • Medical device recalls analysis
  • Root causes
  • Software fault modes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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  • Cite this

    Fu, Z., Guo, C., Ren, S., Jiang, Y., & Sha, L. (2018). Study of Software-Related Causes in the FDA Medical Device Recalls. In Proceedings - 2017 22nd International Conference on Engineering of Complex Computer Systems, ICECCS 2017 (pp. 60-69). (Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Engineering of Complex Computer Systems, ICECCS; Vol. 2017-November). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICECCS.2017.20