Study of residual stresses in Ti-7Al using theory and experiments

K. Chatterjee, J. Y.P. Ko, J. T. Weiss, H. T. Philipp, J. Becker, P. Purohit, S. M. Gruner, A. J. Beaudoin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Finite element simulations are carried out to follow the evolution of residual stresses in Ti-7Al (α-hcp) alloy, as developed under an applied stress gradient. A model built upon phenomenological mesoscopic field dislocation mechanics is employed to simulate the deformation behavior. Model predictions are validated with results generated from high energy X-ray diffraction experiments using synchrotron radiation. These experiments provide for important simulation input, viz. grain positions and orientations, and strain rate sensitivities of the prismatic and basal slip systems of Ti-7Al. X-ray diffraction data obtained from individual grains enabled calculation of strain rate sensitivities of the prismatic and basal slip systems and the values are estimated as ∼ 0.04 and ∼ 0.02 respectively. Residual stresses at the length scale of individual grains and subgrains are successfully predicted and validated against experimental data. A key achievement of the present work is the measurement and simulation of residual stress gradients within individual grains. Conclusions from this work are that grains deform mainly via prismatic slip, and accurate characterization of rate-sensitivity is needed to model the development of grain-level residual stresses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-116
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
StatePublished - Dec 2017


  • High energy X-ray diffraction
  • Phenomenological mesoscopic field dislocation mechanics
  • Residual stress
  • Strain rate sensitivity
  • Subgrain level stress
  • Ti-7Al alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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