Studies of the diffuse interstellar bands. III. HD 183143

L. M. Hobbs, D. G. York, J. A. Thorburn, T. P. Snow, M. Bishof, S. D. Friedman, B. J. McCall, T. Oka, B. Rachford, P. Sonnentrucker, D. E. Welty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Echelle spectra of HD 183143 [B7Iae, E(B - V) = 1.27] were obtained on three nights, at a resolving power R = 38,000 and with a signal-to-noise ratio 1000 at 6400 in the final, combined spectrum. A catalog is presented of 414 diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) measured between 3900 and 8100 in this spectrum. The central wavelengths, the widths (FWHM), and the equivalent widths of nearly all of the bands are tabulated, along with the minimum uncertainties in the latter. Among the 414 bands, 135 (or 33%) were not reported in four previous, modern surveys of the DIBs in the spectra of various stars, including HD 183143. The principal result of this study is that the great majority of the bands in the catalog are very weak and fairly narrow. Typical equivalent widths amount to a few m, and the bandwidths (FWHM) are most often near 0.7. No preferred wavenumber spacings among the 414 bands are identified which could provide clues to the identities of the large molecules thought to cause the DIBs. At generally comparable detection limits in both spectra, the population of DIBs observed toward HD 183143 is systematically redder, broader, and stronger than that seen toward HD 204827 (Paper II). In addition, interstellar lines of C2 molecules have not been detected toward HD 183143, while a very high value of N(C2)/E(B - V) is observed toward HD 204827. Therefore, either the abundances of the large molecules presumed to give rise to the DIBs, or the physical conditions in the absorbing clouds, or both, must differ significantly between the two cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-45
Number of pages14
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • ISM: lines and bands
  • ISM: molecules
  • Stars: individual (HD 183143)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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