Structure and function of the c-myc DNA-unwinding element-binding protein DUE-B

Michael Kemp, Brian Bae, John Paul Yu, Maloy Ghosh, Michael Leffak, Satish K Nair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Local zones of easily unwound DNA are characteristic of prokaryotic and eukaryotic replication origins. The DNA-unwinding element of the human c-myc replication origin is essential for replicator activity and is a target of the DNA-unwinding element-binding protein DUE-B in vivo. We present here the 2.0 Å crystal structure of DUE-B and complementary biochemical characterization of its biological activity. The structure corresponds to a dimer of the N-terminal domain of the full-length protein and contains many of the structural elements of the nucleotide binding fold. A single magnesium ion resides in the putative active site cavity, which could serve to facilitate ATP hydrolytic activity of this protein. The structure also demonstrates a notable similarity to those of tRNA-editing enzymes. Consistent with this structural homology, the N-terminal core of DUE-B is shown to display both D-aminoacyl-tRNA deacylase activity and ATPase activity. We further demonstrate that the C-terminal portion of the enzyme is disordered and not essential for dimerization. However, this region is essential for DNA binding in vitro and becomes ordered in the presence of DNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10441-10448
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume282
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 6 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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