Betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase (BHMT) catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from betaine to L-homocysteine, yielding dimethylglycine and L-methionine. In this study, we prepared a new series of BHMT inhibitors. The inhibitors were designed to mimic the hypothetical transition state of BHMT substrates and consisted of analogues with NH, N(CH3), or N(CH 3)2 groups separated from the homocysteine sulfur atom by a methylene, ethylene, or a propylene spacer. Only the inhibitor with the N(CH3) moiety and ethylene spacer gave moderate inhibition. This result led us to prepare two inhibitors lacking a nitrogen atom in the S-linked alkyl chain: (RS,RS)-5-(3-amino-3-carboxypropylthio)-3-methylpentanoic acid and (RS)-5-(3-amino-3-carboxypropylthio)-3,3-dimethylpentanoic acid. Both of these compounds were highly potent inhibitors of BHMT. The finding that BHMT does not tolerate a true betaine mimic within these inhibitors, especially the nitrogen atom, is surprising and evokes questions about putative conformational changes of BHMT upon the binding of the substrates/products and inhibitors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of Medicinal Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jun 25 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery