Structurally novel antiestrogens elicit differential responses from constitutively active mutant estrogen receptors in breast cancer cells and tumors

Yuechao Zhao, Mary J. Laws, Valeria Sanabria Guillen, Yvonne Ziegler, Jian Min, Abhishek Sharma, Sung Hoon Kim, David Chu, Ben Ho Park, Steffi Oesterreich, Chengjian Mao, David J. Shapiro, Kendall W. Nettles, John A. Katzenellenbogen, Benita S. Katzenellenbogen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Many estrogen receptor α (ERα)–positive breast cancers develop resistance to endocrine therapy via mutation of ERs whose constitutive activation is associated with shorter patient survival. Because there is now a clinical need for new antiestrogens (AE) against these mutant ERs, we describe here our development and characterization of three chemically novel AEs that effectively suppress proliferation of breast cancer cells and tumors. Our AEs are effective against wild-type and Y537S and D538G ERs, the two most commonly occurring constitutively active ERs. The three new AEs suppressed proliferation and estrogen target gene expression in WT and mutant ER-containing cells and were more effective in D538G than in Y537S cells and tumors. Compared with WT ER, mutants exhibited approximately 10- to 20-fold lower binding affinity for AE and a reduced ability to be blocked in coactivator interaction, likely contributing to their relative resistance to inhibition by AE. Comparisons between mutant ER–containing MCF7 and T47D cells revealed that AE responses were compound, cell-type, and ERα-mutant dependent. These new ligands have favorable pharmacokinetic properties and effectively suppressed growth of WT and mutant ER–expressing tumor xenografts in NOD/SCID-γ mice after oral or subcutaneous administration; D538G tumors were more potently inhibited by AE than Y537S tumors. These studies highlight the differential responsiveness of the mutant ERs to different AEs and make clear the value of having a toolkit of AEs for treatment of endocrine therapy–resistant tumors driven by different constitutively active ERs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5602-5613
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Research
Volume77
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Zhao, Y., Laws, M. J., Guillen, V. S., Ziegler, Y., Min, J., Sharma, A., Kim, S. H., Chu, D., Park, B. H., Oesterreich, S., Mao, C., Shapiro, D. J., Nettles, K. W., Katzenellenbogen, J. A., & Katzenellenbogen, B. S. (2017). Structurally novel antiestrogens elicit differential responses from constitutively active mutant estrogen receptors in breast cancer cells and tumors. Cancer Research, 77(20), 5602-5613. https://doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-17-1265