Structural and Dynamical Analysis of 0.1 pc Cores and Filaments in the 30 Doradus-10 Giant Molecular Cloud

Rémy Indebetouw, Tony Wong, C. H.Rosie Chen, Amanda Kepley, Vianney Lebouteiller, Suzanne Madden, Joana M. Oliveira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

High-resolution (<0.1 pc) Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations of the 30Dor-10 molecular cloud 15 pc north of R136 are presented. The 12CO 2-1 emission morphology contains clumps near the locations of known mid-IR massive protostars, as well as a series of parsec-long filaments oriented almost directly toward R136. There is elevated kinetic energy (line widths at a given size scale) in 30Dor-10 compared to other Large Magellanic Cloud and Galactic star formation regions, consistent with large-scale energy injection to the region. Analysis of the cloud substructures is performed by segmenting emission into disjoint approximately round "cores" using clumpfind, by considering the hierarchical structures defined by isointensity contours using dendrograms, and by segmenting into disjoint long thin "filaments" using Filfinder. Identified filaments have widths ∼0.1 pc. The inferred balance between gravity and kinematic motions depends on the segmentation method: entire objects identified with clumpfind are consistent with freefall collapse or virial equilibrium with moderate external pressure, whereas many dendrogram-identified parts of hierarchical structures have higher mass surface densities ΣLTE than if gravitational and kinetic energies were in balance. Filaments have line masses that vary widely compared to the critical line mass calculated assuming thermal and nonthermal support. Velocity gradients in the region do not show any strong evidence for accretion of mass along filaments. The upper end of the "core" mass distribution is consistent with a power law with the same slope as the stellar initial mass function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number56
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume888
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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