Lanthipeptides are ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptide natural products characterized by the presence of lanthionine and methyllanthionine cross-linked amino acids formed by dehydration of Ser/Thr residues followed by conjugate addition of Cys to the resulting dehydroamino acids. Class I lanthipeptide dehydratases utilize glutamyl-tRNAGlu as a cosubstrate to glutamylate Ser/Thr followed by glutamate elimination. A vast majority of lanthipeptides identified from class I synthase systems have been from Gram-positive bacteria. Herein, we report the heterologous expression and modification in Escherichia coli of two lanthipeptides from the Gram-negative Bacteroidetes Pedobacter lusitanus NL19. These peptides are representative of a group of compounds frequently encoded in Pedobacter genomes. Structural characterization of the lanthipeptides revealed a novel ring pattern as well as an unusual ll-lanthionine stereochemical configuration and a cyclase that lacks the canonical zinc ligands found in most LanC enzymes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine