Strontium ruthenate-anatase titanium dioxide heterojunctions from first-principles: Electronic structure, spin, and interface dipoles

Naheed Ferdous, Elif Ertekin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The epitaxial integration of functional oxides with wide band gap semiconductors offers the possibility of new material systems for electronics and energy conversion applications. We use first principles to consider an epitaxial interface between the correlated metal oxide SrRuO3 and the wide band gap semiconductor TiO2, and assess energy level alignment, interfacial chemistry, and interfacial dipole formation. Due to the ferromagnetic, half-metallic character of SrRuO3, according to which only one spin is present at the Fermi level, we demonstrate the existence of a spin dependent band alignment across the interface. For two different terminations of SrRuO3, the interface is found to be rectifying with a Schottky barrier of 1.3-1.6 eV, in good agreement with experiment. In the minority spin, SrRuO3 exhibits a Schottky barrier alignment with TiO2 and our calculated Schottky barrier height is in excellent agreement with previous experimental measurements. For majority spin carriers, we find that SrRuO3 recovers its exchange splitting gap and bulk-like properties within a few monolayers of the interface. These results demonstrate a possible approach to achieve spin-dependent transport across a heteroepitaxial interface between a functional oxide material and a conventional wide band gap semiconductor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number035302
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume120
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 21 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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