Strong anisotropy in the mixed antiferromagnetic system Mn1-xFexPSe3

Ankita Bhutani, Julia L. Zuo, Rebecca D. McAuliffe, Clarina R. Dela Cruz, Daniel P. Shoemaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report the magnetic phase diagram of Mn1-xFexPSe3, which represents a random magnet system of two antiferromagnetic systems with mixed spin, mixed spin anisotropies, mixed nearest-neighbor magnetic interactions, and mixed periodicities in their respective antiferromagnetic structure. Bulk samples of Mn1-xFexPSe3 have been prepared and characterized phase pure by powder X-ray and neutron diffraction and X-ray fluorescence. Nature and extent of magnetically ordered state has been established using powder neutron diffraction, dc magnetic susceptibility, and heat capacity. Long-range magnetic ordering exists between x=0.0 and 0.25 (MnPSe3 type) and between x=0.875 and 1 (FePSe3 type). A short-range magnetic order with the existence of both MnPSe3-and FePSe3-type nanoclusters has been established between x=0.25 and 0.875. Irreversibility in dc magnetization measurements, also characterized by isothermal and thermoremanent magnetization measurements, suggest similarities to magnetic nanoparticles where uncompensated surface spins result in diverging thermoremanent and isothermal remanent magnetization responses, further reinforcing existence of magnetic nanoclusters or domains. A spin-glass state, observed in analogous Mn1-xFexPS3, has been ruled out, and formation of nanoclusters exhibiting both ordering types results from unusually high anisotropy values. The effect of ligand contributions to the spin-orbit interactions has been suggested as a possible explanation for high D values in these compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number034411
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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