Abstract

Memory and learning are thought to result from changes in synaptic strength. Previous studies on synaptic physiology in brain slices have traditionally been focused on biochemical processes. Here, we demonstrate with experiments on mouse brain slices that central nervous system plasticity is also sensitive to mechanical stretch. This is important, given the host of clinical conditions involving changes in mechanical tension on the brain, and the normal role that mechanical tension plays in brain development. A novel platform is developed to investigate neural responses to mechanical stretching. Flavoprotein autofluoresence (FA) imaging was employed for measuring neural activity. We observed that synaptic excitability substantially increases after a small (2.5%) stretch was held for 10 min and released. The increase is accumulative, i.e., multiple stretch cycles further increase the excitability. We also developed analytical tools to quantify the spatial spread and response strength. Results show that the spatial spread is less stable in slices undergoing the stretch-unstretch cycle. FA amplitude and activation rate decrease as excitability increases in stretch cases but not in electrically enhanced cases. These results collectively demonstrate that a small stretch in physiological range can modulate neural activities significantly, suggesting that mechanical events can be employed as a novel tool for the modulation of neural plasticity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number292
JournalFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Volume9
Issue numberAUGUST
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 5 2015

Fingerprint

Corpus Callosum
Flavoproteins
Brain
Biochemical Phenomena
Neuronal Plasticity
Central Nervous System
Learning

Keywords

  • Acute brain slice
  • Flavoproteins autofluorescence
  • Hyperexcitability
  • Mechanical stretch
  • Neuromechanics
  • Plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Stretch induced hyperexcitability of mice callosal pathway. / Fan, Anthony; Stebbings, Kevin A.; Llano, Daniel A.; Saif, Taher.

In: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, Vol. 9, No. AUGUST, 292, 05.08.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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