Two closely related strains of the Gram-positive, cellulolytic ruminal bacterium Ruminococcus flavefaciens were compared at the genomic level by suppressive subtractive hybridization. The two strains investigated in this study differ by 1.94% in their respective 16S rDNA genes. Three hundred and eighty-four PCR-amplified products were cloned and then screened for their strain identity by dot blot hybridization. Based on redundancy percentages of the clones sequenced, 9.5% of the genome of the R. flavefaciens FD-1 strain is not present in the JM1 strain. The majority of identities of individual cloned subtracted products (642 bp average length) bore no relation to deposited sequences in GenBank (42% of the subtracted library), whereas of those with putative assigned functions 7% are loosely associated with fibre-degradation, 6% with insertion elements, transposons and phage-like ORFs, 5% with cell membrane associated proteins and 3% with signal transduction. Subtracted sequences were then supplemented with the draft (2 x coverage) genome sequence of R. flavefaciens FD-1 to indicate potential regions of rearrangement within the genome, including a novel insertion sequence.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics