Strain rate jump induced negative strain rate sensitivity (NSRS) in aluminum alloy 2024: Experiments and constitutive modeling

Satyapriya Gupta, Armand Joseph Beaudoin, Juliette Chevy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Negative strain rate sensitivity (NSRS) leading to the strain localization and ultimately failure of material is one of the greatest challenges in the efficient usage of the Al alloys. NSRS in Al-Cu alloy (AA2024) is investigated with the help of uniaxial tension tests at constant strain rate and jump tests conducted with various strain rate jumps for different test temperatures. Digital image correlation (DIC) is adopted to locate the creation and movement of the heterogeneities. Strain controlled jump tests, in combination with DIC, prove to be an excellent tool to investigate NSRS in the alloy. Uniaxial tension tests performed at room temperature (RT) and elevated temperature (50 °C) with constant strain rate ranging from 1×10−3 to 1×10−5/sec demonstrated strain rate insensitive deformation behaviour with the absence of serrations and plastic instability. In contrast, strain controlled jump tests conducted at −50 °C, RT, and 50 °C revealed the presence of NSRS during the strain rate jumps and plastic instabilities following the jump. Local strain mapping achieved from DIC confirmed the propagation of the localized shear bands around the strain rate jumps which is not observed during uniaxial tension tests under constant strain rate. For better understanding of the underlying mechanism kicking off the plastic instabilities, the strain controlled jump test is simulated using the existing phenomenological mesoscopic field dislocation mechanics (PMFDM) model where a dynamics strain aging (DSA) module is embedded in crystal plasticity framework. Numerical predictions of grain size effect suggest that size effect depends on trade off between contributions of polar dislocations (GNDs) to internal stress and plastic deformation, and can lead to an “inverse size effect” when plasticity is the major contribution. While explaining the experimental observations related to jump test, simulation results provided an opportunity to access the experimental aging time which is a crucial material parameter for alloys exhibiting NSRS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-152
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: A
StatePublished - Jan 23 2017


  • Aluminium alloy
  • Digital image correlation
  • Field dislocation mechanics
  • Jump test
  • Negative strain rate sensitivity
  • Shear bands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Strain rate jump induced negative strain rate sensitivity (NSRS) in aluminum alloy 2024: Experiments and constitutive modeling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this