Strain and stress mapping by mechanochemical activation of spiropyran in poly(methyl methacrylate)

Asha Dee N. Celestine, Nancy R. Sottos, Scott R. White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The relationship between fracture-induced mechanophore activation and the strain and stress ahead of a propagating crack in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) is studied. The mechanophore spiropyran is used as a secondary cross-linker in rubber toughened PMMA, and the spiropyran-linked material is subjected to fracture testing. Mechanophore activation is detected and analysed by fluorescence imaging. Digital image correlation is used to measure the strain field ahead of the crack tip, whereas the corresponding stress field is calculated using the Hutchinson–Rice–Rosengren singularity field equations. Mechanophore activation follows a power law dependence on distance from the crack tip and provides both a qualitative and quantitative measure of the strain and stress fields ahead of the crack.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12310
JournalStrain
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • digital image correlation
  • fracture
  • spiropyran mechanophore
  • strain and stress sensors
  • strain mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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