In a previous paper (Jakobsson, E., and S. W. Chiu. 1987. Biophys. J. 52:33–46), we presented the stochastic theory of the singly occupied ion channel as applied to sodium permeation of gramicidin channels, with the assumption of perfect equilibration between the bathing solutions and the ends of the ion channel. In the present paper we couple the previous theory to electrodiffusion of ions from the bulk of the bathing solution to the channel mouth. Our electrodiffusion calculations incorporate estimates of the potential gradients near the channel mouth due to image forces and due to the fraction of the applied potential that falls beyond the ends of the channel. To keep the diffusion calculation one-dimensional, we make the assumption that the electrical potentials in the bath exhibit hemispherical symmetry. As in the previous paper, the flux equations are fit to data on sodium permeation of normal gramicidin A, and gramicidins modified by the fluorination of the valine at the No. 1 position (Barrett Russell, E. W., L. B. Weiss, F. I. Navetta, R. E. Koeppe II, and O. S. Anderson. 1986. Biophys. J. 49:673–686). The conclusions of our previous paper with respect to the effect of fluorination on the mobility, surface potential well depth, and central barrier, are confirmed. However the absolute values of these quantities are somewhat changed when diffusive resistance to the mouth is taken into account, as in the present paper. Future possibilities for more accurate calculations by other methods are outlined.
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