## Abstract

We study diffusion and consensus based optimization of a sum of unknown convex objective functions over distributed networks. The only access to these functions is through stochastic gradient oracles, each of which is only available at a different node; and a limited number of gradient oracle calls is allowed at each node. In this framework, we introduce a convex optimization algorithm based on stochastic subgradient descent (SSD) updates. We use a carefully designed time-dependent weighted averaging of the SSD iterates, which yields a convergence rate of O N ffiffiffi N p (1s)T after T gradient updates for each node on a network of N nodes, where 0 ≤ σ < 1 denotes the second largest singular value of the communication matrix. This rate of convergence matches the performance lower bound up to constant terms. Similar to the SSD algorithm, the computational complexity of the proposed algorithm also scales linearly with the dimensionality of the data. Furthermore, the communication load of the proposed method is the same as the communication load of the SSD algorithm. Thus, the proposed algorithm is highly efficient in terms of complexity and communication load. We illustrate the merits of the algorithm with respect to the state-of-art methods over benchmark real life data sets.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 248-260 |

Number of pages | 13 |

Journal | IEEE Transactions on Network Science and Engineering |

Volume | 4 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Oct 1 2017 |

## Keywords

- Consensus strategies
- Convex optimization
- Diffusion strategies
- Distributed processing
- Online learning

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- Computer Networks and Communications