Stereotypic explanatory bias: Implicit stereotyping as a predictor of discrimination

Denise Sekaquaptewa, Penelope Espinoza, Mischa Thompson, Patrick Vargas, William von Hippel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two experiments examined whether a measure of implicit stereotyping based on the tendency to explain Black stereotype-incongruent events more often than Black stereotype-congruent events (Stereotypic Explanatory Bias or SEB) is predictive of behavior toward a partner in an interracial interaction. In Experiment 1 SEB predicted White males' choice to ask stereotypic questions of a Black female (but not a White male or White female) in an interview. In Experiment 2 the type of explanation (internal or external attribution) made for stereotype-inconsistency was examined. Results showed that White participants who made internal attributions for Black stereotype-incongruent behavior were rated more positively and those who made external attributions were rated more negatively by a Black male confederate. These results point to the potential of implicit stereotyping as an important predictor of behavior in an interracial interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2003

Keywords

  • Intergroup behavior
  • Interracial interaction
  • Prejudice
  • Stereotyping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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