Stereoselective alkylations of chiral nitro imine and nitro hydrazone dianions. Synthesis of enantiomerically enriched 3-substituted 1-nitrocyclohexenes

Scott E. Denmark, Jeffrey J. Ares

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

(Chemical Equation Presented) Dianions of chiral nitro imines (generated by a combination of LDA and s-BuLi) underwent diastereoselective alkylation with methyl, butyl, isopropyl, allyl, and methallyl iodides. In contrast to the behavior of simple metalloenamines, the most selective auxiliary contained no coordinating groups but did possess a large steric difference between the two substituents. The yield and selectivity of the alkylations were improved by the addition of HMPA or DMPU. The use of (S)-1-naphthylethylamine as the auxiliary afforded the R absolute configuration of the alkylation products. This stereochemical outcome could be rationalized by simple steric approach controlled alkylation in a conformationally fixed, internally coordinated dianion. A SAMP nitro hydrazone gave poorer yields and selectivities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9647-9656
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume73
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 19 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

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