Steady-state bumpless transfer under controller uncertainty using the state/output feedback topology

Kai Zheng, Aik Hong Lee, Joseph Bentsman, Cyrus W. Taft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Linear quadratic (LQ) bumpless transfer design introduced recently by Turner and Walker [17] gives a very convenient and straightforward computational procedure for the steady-state bumpless transfer operator synthesis. It is, however, found to be incapable of providing convergence of the output of the offline controller to that of the online controller in several industrial applications, producing bumps in the plant output in the wake of controller transfer. An examination of this phenomenon reveals that the applications in question are characterized by a significant mismatch, further referred to as controller uncertainty, between the dynamics of the implemented controllers and their models used in the transfer operator computation. To address this problem, while retaining the convenience of the Turner and Walker design, a novel state/output feedback bumpless transfer topology is introduced that employs the nominal state of the offline controller and, through the use of an additional controller/model mismatch compensator, also the offline controller output. A corresponding steady-state bumpless transfer design procedure along with the supporting theory is developed for a large class of systems. The new technique is shown to be capable of eliminating the online/offline controller output tracking errors under significant controller uncertainty, while preserving fast convergence of Turner and Walker design. Due to these features, it is demonstrated to solve a long-standing problem of high-quality steady-state bumpless transfer from the industry standard low-order nonlinear multiloop PID-based controllers to the modern multiinput-multioutput (MIMO) robust controllers in the megawatt/throttle pressure control of a typical coal-fired boiler/turbine unit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-17
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2006


  • Bumpless transfer
  • Controller switching
  • Controller topology
  • Controller uncertainty
  • Loop shaping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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