State-of-the-art of semiactive control systems using MR fluid dampers in civil engineering applications

H. J. Jung, B. F. Spencer, Y. Q. Ni, I. W. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Semiactive control systems have received considerable attention for protecting structures against natural hazards such as strong earthquakes and high winds, because they not only offer the reliability of passive control systems but also maintain the versatility and adaptability of fully active control systems. Among the many semiactive control devices, magnetorheological (MR) fluid dampers comprise one particularly promising class. In the field of civil engineering, much research and development on MR fluid damper-based control systems has been conducted since this unique semiactive device was first introduced to civil engineering applications in mid 1990s. In 2001, MR fluid dampers were applied to the full-scale in-service civil engineering structures for the first time. This state-of-the-art paper includes a detailed literature review of dynamic models of MR fluid dampers for describing their complex dynamic behavior and control algorithms considering the characteristics of MR fluid dampers. This extensive review provides references to semiactive control systems using MR fluid dampers. The MR fluid damper-based semiactive control systems are shown to have the potential for mitigating the responses of full-scale civil engineering structures under natural hazards.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)493-526
Number of pages34
JournalStructural Engineering and Mechanics
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 2004


  • Control algorithms
  • Dynamic models
  • Full-scale applications
  • MR fluid damper
  • Semiactive control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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