We perform simulations of relativistic binary stars in post-Newtonian gravity to investigate their dynamical stability prior to merger against gravitational collapse in a tidal field. In general, our equations are only strictly accurate to first post-Newtonian order, but they recover full general relativity for spherical, static stars. We study both corotational and irrotational binary configurations of identical stars in circular orbits. We adopt a soft, adiabatic equation of state with Γ = 1.4, for which the onset of instability occurs at a sufficiently small value of the compaction MIR that a post-Newtonian approximation is quite accurate. For such a soft equation of state there is no innermost stable circular orbit, so that we can study arbitrarily close binaries. This choice still allows us to study all the qualitative features exhibited by any adiabatic equation of state regarding stability against gravitational collapse. We demonstrate that, independent of the internal stellar velocity profile, the tidal field from a binary companion stabilizes a star against gravitational collapse.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology|
|State||Published - Jul 15 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)