Sport as socialization: A critique of methodological premises

Jane B. McCormack, Laurence Chalip

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


According to some researchers, sports teach hard work, competitiveness and sacrifice - values rewarded in modern industrial society. Others counter that evidence for this is lacking. Moreover sports teach authoritarian values and unrealistic expectations. With one exception, the research designs are flawed in that children are not assigned randomly to the sports group or the control group. After extensively reviewing the literature, the article illustrates its conclusions with interviews of 40 boys and girls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-92
Number of pages10
JournalThe Social Science Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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