Spin-valley coupled thermoelectric energy converter with strained honeycomb lattices

Parijat Sengupta, Shaloo Rakheja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A caloritronic device setup is proposed that harnesses the intrinsic spin-valley locking of two-dimensional honeycomb lattices with graphene-like valleys, for instance, silicene and stanene. Combining first-principles and analytic calculations, we quantitatively show that when sheets of such materials are placed on a ferromagnetic substrate and held between two contacts at different temperatures, an interplay between the electron degrees-of-freedom of charge, spin, and valley arises. A manifestation of this interplay are finite charge, spin, and valley currents. Uniaxial strain that adjusts the buckling height in silicene-type of lattices, in conjunction with an applied electric field, is shown to further modulate the aforementioned currents. We link these calculations to a Seebeck-like thermopower generator and obtain expressions (and means to optimize them) for two spin-valley polarized performance metrics — the thermodynamic efficiency and thermoelectric figure of merit. A summary outlines possible enhancements to presented results through the inherent topological order and substrate-induced external Rashba spin–orbit coupling that exists in silicene-type materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113862
JournalPhysica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures
StatePublished - Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Berry curvature
  • Carnot efficiency
  • Spin-valley coupling
  • Thermoelectricity
  • Two-dimensional semiconductors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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