Spin-directed network model for the surface states of weak three-dimensional Z2 topological insulators

Hideaki Obuse, Shinsei Ryu, Akira Furusaki, Christopher Mudry

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A two-dimensional spin-directed Z2 network model is constructed that describes the combined effects of dimerization and disorder for the surface states of a weak three-dimensional Z2 topological insulator. The network model consists of helical edge states of two-dimensional layers of Z2 topological insulators which are coupled by time-reversal-symmetric interlayer tunneling. It is argued that, without dimerization of interlayer couplings, the network model has no insulating phase for any disorder strength. However, a sufficiently strong dimerization induces a transition from a metallic phase to an insulating phase. The critical exponent ν for the diverging localization length at metal-insulator transition points is obtained by finite-size scaling analysis of numerical data from simulations of this network model. It is shown that the phase transition belongs to the two-dimensional symplectic universality class of Anderson transition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number155315
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number15
StatePublished - Apr 21 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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