Spin diffusion induced by pulsed-laser heating and the role of spin heat accumulation

Johannes Kimling, David G Cahill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present a model for describing spin diffusion in normal-metal/ferromagnetic-metal heterostructures induced by pulsed-laser heating. The model is based on the assumptions that electronic heat currents give rise to the spin-dependent Seebeck effect and that ultrafast demagnetization generates spin accumulation with a rate proportional to the demagnetization rate measured. Spin-diffusion currents are then driven by gradients in spin accumulation and electron temperature. The model considers spin-dependent thermal conductivity and electron-phonon coupling, which can give rise to different effective temperatures for majority and minority spins, known as spin heat accumulation. We find that spin heat accumulation can significantly enhance the spin-dependent Seebeck effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014402
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 3 2017

Fingerprint

Laser heating
laser heating
Pulsed lasers
Seebeck effect
Demagnetization
pulsed lasers
heat
Ferromagnetic materials
Electron temperature
Heterojunctions
Thermal conductivity
demagnetization
Electrons
Metals
Hot Temperature
minorities
Temperature
metals
thermal conductivity
electron energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Spin diffusion induced by pulsed-laser heating and the role of spin heat accumulation. / Kimling, Johannes; Cahill, David G.

In: Physical Review B, Vol. 95, No. 1, 014402, 03.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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