Speech clinician's stereotypes of elementary-school boys who stutter

Ehud Yairi, Dean E. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


All 174 speech clinicians employed by schools in the state of Iowa were asked to list all words, adjectives, or traits which they felt were needed to describe adequately elementary school-age boys who stutter. Of the 174 clinicians, 127 responded. Ninety-three University of Iowa students then judged the desirability or undesirability of the traits most frequently mentioned by the clinicians. Analysis of the results indicated the following: 1. (1) Speech clinicians assigned a relatively large number of descriptive items to stuttering boys. 2. (2) The median number of items mentioned tended to increase with clinical experience. 3. (3) Male and female clinicians were more similar than they were different in the traits they assigned. 4. (4) Speech clinicians demonstrated a relatively high degree of consensus in the assignment of traits. 5. (5) The 26 most frequently mentioned traits indicated a tendency to describe stuttering boys in terms of personality characteristics rather than in terms of physical structure and appearance or mental abilities. 6. (6) Of the 26 most frequently mentioned items, 17 were evaluated as undesirable and 9 were evaluated as desirable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-170
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Communication Disorders
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1970
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • LPN and LVN
  • Speech and Hearing


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