Spectral CT: A technology primer for contrast agent development

Carsten O. Schirra, Bernhard Brendel, Mark A. Anastasio, Ewald Roessl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent developments in spectral CT systems featuring binned photon-counting detector technology have enabled an imaging concept on a pre-clinical level that has been coined K-edge imaging. This exciting concept allows the selective and quantitative imaging of contrast media by exploiting the K-edge discontinuity in the photo-electric component of X-ray absorption. An ideal application for K-edge imaging is CT imaging of target-specific and conventional contrast agents that have been designed to be spectral-CT-visible. Current limitations in detector hardware, however, result in typically high noise levels that hamper the application of K-edge imaging. In order to battle noise and assure sufficient sensitivity, the development of dedicated K-edge contrast media in combination with advanced image processing techniques is imperative. This work attempts a comprehensive overview on how the concert of dedicated contrast media, optimized data acquisition and innovative data processing techniques improve sensitivity of K-edge imaging which will foster clinical translation of the technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-70
Number of pages9
JournalContrast Media and Molecular Imaging
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Contrast agents
  • Energy-resolved CT
  • K-edge imaging
  • K-edge materials
  • Statistical image reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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