Spatial Verification of Modulus for Pavement Foundation System

David J. White, Pavana Vennapusa, Erol Tutumluer, William (Bill) Vavrik, Maziar Moaveni, Steven Gillen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents the results of a field study recently completed on an Illinois Tollway construction project, in which intelligent compaction (IC) measurements were calibrated on site with in situ elastic modulus (E), resilient modulus (Mr), modulus of subgrade reaction (k), and California bearing ratio (CBR) testing. The purpose of the field calibration was to generate geo-referenced spatial modulus maps that can be used for field verification of design input parameters. E values were obtained using light weight deflectometer (LWD), stress-dependent Mr values and static k values were obtained using automated plate load testing (APLT), and CBR values were obtained using a dynamic cone penetrometer (DCP). The IC measurements were obtained using a vibratory smooth drum roller outfitted with an index measurement value system, and a roller outfitted with a retrofit kit programmed to produce validated integrated compaction (VIC) measurements through a process of field calibration. Results showed that VIC based calibration can produce correlations with R2 > 0.9 with Mr and k values, and the VIC maps can be reliably used for quality assurance/verification testing. Although the index based IC measurement values showed statistically significant relationships, the R2 values were lower (<0.6). An implementation framework that emphasizes an independent certification approach for field calibration is being developed based on these test results for the Illinois Tollway, to aid in the effective implementation of the modulus-based mapping approach for pavement design field verification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-346
Number of pages14
JournalTransportation Research Record
Issue number52
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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