Spatial-spectral classification of hyperspectral images using discriminative dictionary designed by learning vector quantization

Zhaowen Wang, Nasser M. Nasrabadi, Thomas S. Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, a novel discriminative dictionary learning method is proposed for sparse-representation-based classification (SRC) to label highly dimensional hyperspectral imagery (HSI). In SRC, a dictionary is conventionally constructed using all of the training pixels, which is not only inefficient due to the large size of typical HSI images but also ineffective in capturing class-discriminative information crucial for classification. We address the dictionary design problem with the inspiration from the learning vector quantization technique and propose a hinge loss function that is directly related to the classification task as the objective function for dictionary learning. The resulting online learning procedure systematically 'pulls' and 'pushes' dictionary atoms so that they become better adapted to distinguish between different classes. In addition, the spatial context for a test pixel within its local neighborhood is modeled using a Bayesian graph model and is incorporated with the sparse representation of a single test pixel in a unified probabilistic framework, which enables further refinement of our dictionary to capture the spatial class dependence that complements the spectral information. Experiments on different HSI images demonstrate that the dictionaries optimized using our method can achieve higher classification accuracy with substantially reduced dictionary size than using the whole training set. The proposed method also outperforms existing dictionary learning methods and attains the state-of-the-art results in both the spectral-only and spatial-spectral settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6648377
Pages (from-to)4808-4822
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Classification
  • Spatial dependence
  • dictionary learning
  • hyperspectral imagery (HSI)
  • learning vector quantization (LVQ)
  • sparse representation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Spatial-spectral classification of hyperspectral images using discriminative dictionary designed by learning vector quantization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this