Spatial Mismatch

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In many American cities, residential segregation and the suburbanization of job opportunities combine to reduce geographical accessibility to employment for African-American, inner-city residents. This 'spatial mismatch' is generally thought to be an important cause of the high rates of poverty and unemployment in inner-city neighborhoods. This article examines how researchers evaluate spatial mismatch; the impacts of spatial mismatch on employment and earnings; the roles of transportation access, racial discrimination, and spatial job search in spatial mismatch; and the variation in mismatch across metropolitan areas. Strategies to ameliorate spatial mismatch, including housing, transportation, and economic development policies, are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages157-160
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015

Keywords

  • Cities
  • Commuting
  • Labor markets
  • Poverty
  • Race
  • Racial discrimination
  • Segregation
  • Spatial mismatch
  • Suburbanization
  • Unemployment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

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