Spatial distribution and sampling plans for grapevine plant canopy-inhabiting scaphoideus titanus (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) nymphs

Ivo E. Rigamonti, Carla Brambilla, Emanuele Colleoni, Mauro Jermini, Valeria Trivellone, Johann Baumgärtner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The paper deals with the study of the spatial distribution and the design of sampling plans for estimating nymph densities of the grape leafhopper Scaphoideus titanus Ball in vine plant canopies. In a reference vineyard sampled for model parameterization, leaf samples were repeatedly taken according to a multistage, stratified, random sampling procedure, and data were subjected to an ANOVA. There were no significant differences in density neither among the strata within the vineyard nor between the two strata with basal and apical leaves. The significant differences between densities on trunk and productive shoots led to the adoption of two-stage (leaves and plants) and three-stage (leaves, shoots, and plants) sampling plans for trunk shoots- and productive shoots-inhabiting individuals, respectively. The mean crowding to mean relationship used to analyze the nymphs spatial distribution revealed aggregated distributions. In both the enumerative and the sequential enumerative sampling plans, the number of leaves of trunk shoots, and of leaves and shoots of productive shoots, was kept constant while the number of plants varied. In additional vineyards data were collected and used to test the applicability of the distribution model and the sampling plans. The tests confirmed the applicability 1) of the mean crowding to mean regression model on the plant and leaf stages for representing trunk shoot-inhabiting distributions, and on the plant, shoot, and leaf stages for productive shoot-inhabiting nymphs, 2) of the enumerative sampling plan, and 3) of the sequential enumerative sampling plan. In general, sequential enumerative sampling was more cost efficient than enumerative sampling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)920-929
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of economic entomology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • enumerative sampling plan
  • mean crowding to mean regression
  • reliability level
  • sequential enumerative sampling plan
  • simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Insect Science


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